There are several types of corrective eye surgery. LASIK is both the most frequently performed kind, as well as the best known. In fact, it’s common for people to refer to all procedures that use a laser to re-shape the surface of the eye as LASIK, but they are actually called laser refractive surgeries, of which LASIK is just one. Your eye doctor will determine whether you are a good candidate for any such procedure, and guide you to the best choice for your situation.
If the decision is made to go ahead with LASIK (which stands for Laser-Assisted in Situ Keratomileusis), you should be made aware of how the procedure works, what the risks are, and how long it will take to recover. Please use the following Frequently Asked Questions as a guide, but consult with the surgeon who will be performing the procedure for the specifics of your care plan, as the details can vary among hospitals.
Q: How does LASIK work?
To put it in the simplest terms, LASIK uses an excimer laser to correct the surface of your cornea, the transparent covering of the eye that refracts light. Because many common vision problems, such as being near or far sighted, are a result of a refractive problem in the cornea, the procedure works by reshaping the cornea, so that it focuses light properly.
Q: What happens on the day of the surgery?
LASIK is an outpatient operation, meaning you do not have to stay overnight in hospital. In fact, the procedure itself usually only takes about 15 minutes. When it’s time to start, you’ll be sat in a special chair that connects to the laser device and given anaesthetic eye drops, so you will not feel any pain, although you may feel pressure on the eye as it’s being operated on.
Q: Should I do anything to prepare?
You are free to have a small meal and to take your prescription medications on the day of your LASIK. If you wear contacts, stop wearing them at least three days before the surgery. Don’t wear eye makeup, hair accessories, or jewellery that could interfere with the laser device. And if you’re feeling nervous, ask your doctor to prescribe you a sedative to help you relax.
Q: What happens afterwards?
When your Lasik eye surgery Dubaiprocedure is finished, be sure you havea friend or relative drive you home. It’s possible your eyes may feel itchy for about 6 to 8 hoursafter the operation, and in the days following, your eyes may feel dry, which is a temporary side effect. Your doctor will give you eye drops to soothe your eyes and keep them moist, which also helps prevent infection and inflammation.
The recovery time forLASIK eye surgery is quite quick. Most patients report feeling fully recovered and ready to resume daily activities in 24 to 48 hours. About two days later, you’ll have a follow-up appointment with your surgeon, who willexamine you to evaluate the results, as well as regular check-ups for the following six months.
Q: What are the risks?
Thesuccess rate is very high for LASIK surgery,at around 98%. But that doesn’t mean it is risk-free. In addition to the temporary side effects in the first week or so after the surgery, some patients may experience blurred vision, ‘halos’ or glares, or difficulty with seeing at night. If you have problems or concerns after the LASIK procedure, or experience any unusual pain, talk to your eye doctor as soon as possible.